Herbs

A-M

      The herbs listed below are priced for our 1 qt.  (4½") or 3½" pots.  Some of these varieties are available at our garden center in larger sizes.

Botanical Name, Common Name Description

Price

Agastache foeniculum 'Blue Fortune'

Anise Hyssop, Hummingbird Mint

Widely planted by beekeepers in N America in the 1870’s to produce a fine honey, with an anise flavor. Native Americans made it into a tea and used it as a sweetener.

$4.95

Hardy perennial. Grows 2-3 feet high. Oval pointed leaves have an aniseed scent. Long spikes of lavender-blue flowers appear late summer. Culinary:

The aniseed flavored leaves may be used in salads.

Grows in well-drained soil, in full sun. Will tolerate poor soil. Propagate seeds sown under cover or by root division in spring, or by softwood cuttings in summer. Medicinal:

Aromatic pleasant-tasting herb increases perspiration and relieves bronchial congestion. Traditional medicine of North American tribes for coughs.

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

Chives were recorded in ancient China and was the only member of the onion family to be gathered in the wild. The "infant onion", as it was called because of its small bulbs, was not cultivated until the Middle Ages. Popular for its onion flavor.

$3.95

Clump-forming hardy perennial with slender bulbs, clustered on a rhizome, and cylindrical, hollow leaves. Pale purple flowers, bell-shaped flowers are borne in umbels in summer. Ht 4-24" Culinary:

Leaves can be chopped and added to egg or potato dishes. Bulbs and leaves can be used in soups or garnish salads. Flowers have a mild onion flavor and are good in salads.

Grows in moist, well-drained soil, in full sun. Will tolerate poor soil. Propagate seeds sown under cover or divide bulbs in spring or fall. Medicinal:

All alliums contain some iron and vitamins and are a mild antibiotic.

Allium tuberosum

Chinese Chives, Garlic Chives

Chives were recorded in China over 4000 years ago and appreciated there by Marco Polo. He reported their culinary virtues to the West, where they became indispensable for its mild garlic flavor.

$3.95

Clump-forming hardy perennial with white, starry, sweet-scented flowers in late summer. The leaves are flat, green, and have a mild garlic flavor. Tuberous roots. Culinary:

Chopped leaves and flower buds are added to salads, soft cheeses, and stir-fries. Over-cooking destroys flavor. Blanched leaves are used with pork and rice. Used in Chinese cuisine.

Grows in moist, well-drained soil, in full sun. Will tolerate poor soil.

Propagate seeds sown under cover or divide bulbs in spring or fall.

Medicinal:

All alliums contain some iron and vitamins and are a mild antibiotic.

Aloe vera

Barbados Aloes, Curacao Aloes

In the 4th century BC, ancient Greeks referred to it and supplies came from the island of Socotra, off the Horn of Africa. For the Greeks it was a valuable purgative and Alexander attempted to conquer this land to procure specimens. Later it was imported from the Caribbean islands.

$4.95

Succulent tropical plant with fleshy, narrow, lance-shaped leaves, growing 1-5 feet high. Clusters of orange flowers grow on tall stalks throughout the year. Cosmetic:

Use leaf sap to make soothing and healing moisturizing creams. Great for dry skin.

Aloes need a minimum temperature of 41ºF and a sunny spot. Grows in well-drained soil requiring little water.

Easily propagated from offshoots.

Medicinal:

Internally a purgative for constipation, digestive problems but not to be used unsupervised or in excess. Best externally for burns, rashes, wounds, eczema, sunburn.

Aloysia triphylla (Lippia citridora)

Lemon Verbena

A native to S America, it was brought to Europe by the Spanish in the 17th century where it was grown for its perfume oil. The fragrance was popular with ladies in the Deep South, and was supposedly the chosen perfume of Scarlet O’Hara’s mother.

$4.95

Lemon-scented woody, deciduous shrub that can reach 5 feet. Fragrant narrow, lance-shaped leaves are pale green and have oil glands underneath. Late summer pale lavender flowers appear. Tropical Culinary:

Fresh leaves are used in herb teas, and to flavor stuffings and salads.

Grow in well-drained soil, in a sunny location. Many be grown indoors for the winter.

Sow seeds in spring, under cover, or take stem cuttings in summer.

Medicinal:

Internally for feverish colds and indigestion, nervousness, and palpitations. In aromatherapy, and externally for acne, boils and cysts.

Angelica archangelica

Garden Angelica

A benevolent herb, and according to 15th century folklore, has the power to ward off evil spirits and keep away witches, hence the practice of wearing necklaces of leaves and making holy water from roots. Used during the Great Plague in the 17th century to repel infectious disease. Christian legend tells of angelica’s protective powers revealed to a dreaming monk. It is said to bloom on the day of  Michael the Archangel, giving it its name.

 
Tall, celery-like perennial with stout, hollow stem, with broad pinnate green leaves. Small white, sweet-smelling flowers grow in large umbels mid to late summer. Produces yellow seeds.

Culinary:

Leaves can be stewed with acidic fruits or served fresh with mint and mayo. Stems can be crystallized. Seeds can be used to flavor drinks like gin, vermouth or chartreuse.

Grows in rich moist soil in part shade. Sow seed as soon as ripe. Medicinal:

Make a tea from leaves for cold tonic and to reduce flatulence. Crushed leaves in car aids in travel sickness.

Anethum gravelolens

Dill

An important medicinal herb in the Middle East from Biblical times (the Talmud records dill was subject to tithe) and in ancient Greece and Rome. "Dill water" was once used to treat griping and colic in babies. Known as the "Meeting House Herb", it’s seeds were chewed in church during long services to allay hunger.

$3.95

Aromatic annual, with glossy stems and pale green feathery leaves. Mid to late summer produces umbels of small yellow flowers.

Culinary:

Seeds can be used in soups, fish dishes, pickles, cabbage, butter, breads and more. Chopped leaves in soups, with potatoes, salads, eggs, grilled fish and meats.

Grows in rich moist soil, sun to part shade. Propagate from seed in spring. Sow in situ. Medicinal:

Use in salt-free diets. Dill water aids indigestion, flatulence, hiccups, stomach cramps, insomnia and colic.

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Sweet Vernal Grass, Vanilla Grass

Produces the scent of new mown hay because of the coumarin glycosides they contain. These break down to Dicoumarol, a toxin used in rat poison, but medicinally an anti-coagulant.

$5.95

Tufted perennial grass with aromatic short, lance-shaped leaves. Blunt flower spikelets appear from spring to summer.

Aromatic:

Dried flowers are added to floral arrangements and potpourris.

 

Grow in well-drained soil in sun. Sow seeds in spring or make divisions in spring or fall.

 

Medicinal:

Internally and as a nasal lotion for hayfever. Externally for painful joints, chilblains, nervous exhaustion, and insomnia.

Anthricus cerefolium

Chervil

Introduced to the Britains by the Romans, it is widely used in European cuisines with a sweet flavor, reminiscent of anise. Known as a ‘cleansing tonic’, this spring herb made a welcoming change from the heavy winter diet with few vegetables.

$4.95

Aromatic annual with parsley-like green leaves and lacy white flowers from spring to summer. Height 18".

Culinary:

Leaves can be used in soups, salads, sauces, with vegetables, chicken, fish and egg dishes. Stems can be eaten raw in salads or cooked in soups and casseroles.

Sow seeds in summer in rich, moist soil with part shade. Can be grown indoors in winter. (Minimum temperature 45-50ºF) Medicinal:

Eat raw for vitamin C, carotene and some minerals. Infuse in tea for digestion, circulation disorders, liver complaints. Taken after Lent, for restorative powers.

Artemesia annua

Sweet Wormwood, Sweet Annie

An aromatic, anti-bacterial herb that destroys malarial parasites, lowers fevers, and checks bleeding.  Dried branches are used to make fragrant wreathes.

$4.95
A quick growing giant annual with upright, sometimes red stems and bright green pinnate leaves. Tiny yellow flowers appear in summer.  Can reach 5 ft +

Grow in sun in well-drained soil.  Sow seeds in spring.

Aromatic:  Use in dried arrangements.

Medicinal:  Internally for fevers, most notably for malaria and heat stroke.  Externally for nose bleeds and bleeding sores.

Artemisia abrotanum

Southernwood, Lad’s Love

Cultivated since antiquity to repel insects and contagion. In nosegays, it was carried to ward off infection and bad smells. Until the 19th century a bunch was placed in court to protect against the spread of jail fever to the prisoner. In rural areas, young men considered it an aphrodisiac as well as aid to growing facial hair.

$4.95

Strong-smelling bushy perennial with branching stems and grey-green finely cut, feathery leaves. Grows 3-5 ft. Has yellowish-white flowers in late summer.

Culinary:

None

Grows in sun or light shade, in light, well-drained soil, Take semi-hardwood cuttings in summer. Medicinal:

Infused in tea as tonic for digestion and liver function, aid in menstruation, lowers fever, destroys intestinal worms. Stimulates hair growth.

Artemisia dracunculus ‘Sativa’

French Tarragon

Known as the ‘Dragon Herb’ it was used to cure the stings and bites of venomous creatures. Thought to ward off exhaustion, in the Middle Ages, pilgrims would place a sprig in their boots before starting out.

$4.95

Bushy aromatic perennial that grows 2-3 ft. Slender stems bear smooth, dark, shiny leaves. Flowers only in warm climates.

Culinary:

Leaves are used to flavor chicken, egg dishes, sauces, salad dressings, herb butter ,and stuffings. It may be added to vinegars and mustard.

True ‘French’ tarragon must be started from cuttings or seedlings. Seeds always produce ‘Russian’ variety. Plant in a sunny, sheltered area in well-drained soil. Medicinal:

Internally for poor digestion and worms in children. Externally for toothache and rheumatism.

Borage officinalis

Borage, Herb of Gladness

Borage’s powers of uplifting spirits and dispelling gloom are referred to in all the historical texts on this herb. In 1597, John Gerard, in his history of plants, wrote that putting the flowers and leaves of this herb in wine makes men and women glad and merry, driving away all sadness and melancholy.

$4.95

Hairy annual with upright hollow stems and lanceolate leaves. Blue 5-petaled flowers appear in summer, followed by black seeds.

Culinary:

Leaves give a cucumber taste to drinks; they are also chopped and added to cream cheese and salads and in Italy they are cooked as vegetables.

Grow in a well-drained sunny location. Sow seeds in spring. Medicinal:

Internally for fevers, bronchial infections (including pleurisy and tuberculosis), mouth and throat infections. Externally in mouthwashes, eyewashes, poultices.

Brassica juncea

Indian Mustard

Mustards have provided pungent flavorings, green vegetables, and medicinal compounds since ancient times. This variety is the basis for our brown mustard.

$3.95

Annual with bright green tall stalks (to 4 feet) produce huge ribbed serrated leaves. Yellow flowers appear late summer.

Culinary:

Young leaves can be cooked as a vegetable. Seeds are ground and blended with other mustards or used alone. Used in curries and pickles.

Grow in sunny location, in moist but well-drained soil. Start seeds under cover in spring. Medicinal:

Warming stimulant with antibiotic effects.

Calendula officinalis

Pot Marigold

This herb was named for the belief that it was always in bloom on the 1st day of the month (Latin: kalends). Ancient Egyptians valued it as a rejuvenating herb. Hindus used it to decorate temple altars, and Greeks and Persians used it to garnish and flavor food. In the American Civil War, doctors on the battlefield applied Calendula leaves to open wounds because of its strong antiseptic property.

$4.95

Annual plant with branching stems covered with fine hairs. Oblong leaves of pale green clasp the stems. In late spring, daisy-like orange-yellow flowers begin to appear and last into fall.

Culinary:

Petals are used as a substitute for saffron in rice and soups, and infused gives color to cheese, butter, and cakes. Also added fresh to salads.

Sow seeds in sunny location in spring. Grows in rich to poor soil. Medicinal:

Internally for gastric ulcers, colitis, hepatitis, and intestinal problems. Externally for eczema, conjunctivitis, herpes, athlete’s foot, gingivitis, varicose veins. General antiseptic.

Chamaemelum nobile

Roman Chamomile

A sacred herb of the ancient Egyptians, it was dedicated to Ra, the sun god, and considered a cure-all. The Greeks prescribed it for fevers and female problems. In the Middle Ages, it was strewn about the floor of the house to sweeten the air.

$4.95

Apple-scented low growing perennial grows to 12 in. with trailing, branched stems and finely cut, feathery, green leaves. White daisy-like flowers, with yellow centers appear mid-summer.

Cosmetic:

As a facial steam and as a hand soak to softens skin. Add to bath water for a calming experience. Boil flowers in water to lighten and condition hair.

Plant in full sun, in light well-drained soil. Sow seeds in spring or divide in spring or fall. Side shoots of 3 in. can be taken in summer. Medicinal:

Infuse flowers for a tea as general tonic and sedative. In a bath for sunburn or windburn skin. In compresses to treat wounds and eczema.

Chenopodium ambrosiodes

Ambrosia, Mexican Tea

A pungent, tropical weed, widely used in Mexican cooking but found almost nowhere else. Seeds were found in the stomach of a Tollund man, dated 100 BC.  Today, the oil from this plant is used in veterinary medicine.

$3.95

Strong-smelling upright annual with oblong feathery, lance shaped leaves. Tiny green flowers appear in panicles in summer, followed by brown fruits containing seeds. Grows to 3 ft.

Culinary:

Leaves flavor corn, beans, and fish dishes in Mexican and Guatemalan cuisine.

Grow in sunny area, in rich,, well-drained soil. Sow seeds in spring. Self-seeding. Medicinal:

Internally for roundworm,tapeworm, amebic dysentery, asthma, and excessive mucus. Not to be taken in excess!

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

     According to folk tales, the flowers of chicory are a beautiful blue because they are the transformed eyes of a lass weeping for her lover's ship, which will never return.  These blue flowers can be changed to bright red by the acid of ants.  Chicory is often grown in floral clocks for the regular opening of its flowers and their closing 5 hours later.  These opening times are relative to  latitude, but the leaves always align north.  Gardeners interested in metaphysics credit this plant with life-giving force.  Queen Elizabeth I took chicory soup for its health-giving properties.

$4.95

Tall perennial, to 48", on a large taproot with toothed leaves arranged spirally. Clusters of sky-blue flowers, resembling dandelions, appear throughout the summer. Culinary:

Leaves may be boiled to remove bitterness with white or cheese sauce.  Heads can be eaten in salads.  Roasted roots can be added to coffee.

 
Grow in rich, well-drained soil in sun. Propagate from seed in spring. Medicinal:

Internally for liver complaints, rheumatism, gout, and hemorrhoids.  Regarded as a cooling herb in Ayervedic medicine.

Coriandrum sativum

Cilantro, Coriander

One of the oldest known herbs, it has been cultivated for over 3000 years, mentioned in the Bible and in Sanskrit, Egyptian, Greek and Latin texts. Introduced to China, circa 600 AD, it was believed to confer immortality. The Romans brought it to Europe where it was mixed with vinegar to preserve meats. In the Middle Ages it was put in love potions as an aphrodisiac.

$3.95

Erect annual with pungently aromatic, pinnate leaves. In summer, white flowers appear, followed by brown fruits.

Culinary:

Use seeds in chutney, ratatouille, frankfurters and curries, soups sauces and vegetable dishes. Leaves add flavor to stews, curries, salads or as a garnish.

Plants do best in part shade, in well-drained soil. Sow seeds in spring or summer. Medicinal:

Internally for minor digestive problems, Externally for hemorrhoids and painful joints.

Cuminium cymium

Cumin

     Cumin was once a familiar spice in Europe, particularly ancient Rome.  Today, it is use in Asia and the Middle East, as it has since biblical times.  It is widely used in Ayorvedic medicine to promote the assimilation of other herbs.  Its pungent, aromatic, bitter flavor is essential to curries and other spicy dishes.

$4.95

Slender annual with dark green leaves divided into threadlike segments.  Umbels of tiny white or pink flowers are followed by bristly seeds.

Culinary:

Seeds are an ingredient in spice mixtures such as garam masala (India) and couscous  (Middle East); they may also be roasted and used in seasoning lamb or in other Eastern dishes.

 
Plant in well-drained soil in full sun.  Propagate from seed in spring. Medicinal:

Internally for digestive purposes and to improve liver function. It is also used in veterinary medicine.

Cymbopogon citratus

Lemon Grass

Found growing in savannas of southern India and Sri Lanka, it is grown for its lemon flavoring and oils which are used in perfumes.

$7.95

Clump-forming tender perennial with robust, cane-like stems and lemon-scented linear leaves. Panicles of spikelets appear in summer.

Culinary:

Chop tender stalks into salads. Leaves can be used fresh or dried in S E Asian Cooking with fish or meats. Leaves can be infused for tea.

Grow in moist, well-drained soil, in sun. Minimum temperature is 55ºF. May be grow indoors for the winter. Divide plants in spring. Medicinal:

Internally for digestive problems and minor feverish infections. Externally for ringworm, lice, athletes foot and scabies. Oil is used for herbal baths, soaps, and cosmetics

Eruca vesicaria (sativa)

Arugula, Rocket

A popular salad plant in Roman times, sometimes referred to as the 'Roman Rocket, was prized for its pungent, spicy flavor.  The flowers are used to garnish salads as well.  In flower language 'arugula' means deceit.  Once used in couch syrups.

$3.95
Upright, mustard-like annual with toothed leaves and creamy white 4-petaled flowers, veined purple appear all season long.

Grow in moist soil in sun. Drier soils produce less pungent leaves.

Culinary:

Mainly as a salad herb but may also be added to stir-fry and pasta sauces.

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel

One of the oldest cultivated herbs, and highly valued by the Romans. Gladiators took it to keep in good health, while ladies ate it to prevent obesity. It was one of the 9 herbs sacred to the Anglo-Saxons for power against evil. Charlemagne, in 812 AD declared that with its healing powers it was an essential in any imperial garden.

$4.95

Hardy herb with thick blue-green stalk, bearing aromatic, feathery, fan-shaped leaves. In summer, flat umbels of yellow appear, followed by brown fruits.

Culinary:

Uses seeds in sauces, fish dishes, breads, sprouts for salad. Chop leaves for salads and cooked vegetables. Slice bulbs for salads, soups or cooked with vegetables.

Plant in moist, well-drained soil, in sun or light shade. Plant seeds in spring or summer. Divide in fall. Medicinal:

Seeds infused in tea aid digestion and constipation. Chewing seeds allays hunger. Reduces toxic effects of alcohol.

Foeniculum vulgare 'Dulce'

Bronze Fennel

$4.95

Fragaria vesca

Woodland Strawberry

Strawberries have long been popular for home remedies. Both roots and leaves contain tannins. Supposedly an excellent treatment for the skin, removing redness, spots, and leaving it smooth.

$3.95

Perennial with a running habit, the leaves and stems are hairy. Leaves are divided into 3 coarsely toothed leaflets. Small white flowers bloom spring to summer, followed by small red fruits.

Culinary:

Leaves can be added to herb teas. Fruits are eaten fresh, added to summer drinks, made into desserts, jams, or syrups.

Grow in humus rich soil, in sun or partial shade. Seeds should be sown in summer. Divisions of runners can be made spring to fall. Medicinal:

Internally for diarrhea, upset stomach, and gout (leaves and root). Externally for sunburn, blemishes and discolored teeth.

Fragaria 'Lipstick'

Pink Flowering Wild Strawberry

$4.95

Galium odoratum

Sweet Woodruff, Ladies-in-the-Hay

In Medieval times, this herb, with its fresh long-lasting perfume, was strewn on the floor or stuffed in mattresses.  In Germany, dating to the 13th century, it was added to new wine or wine cups (usually Rhine wine).  Adding fresh sweet woodruff, brandy and sugar improves the taste and body of tart young wine.

$4.95

Creeping perennial with whorls of green, lance-shaped leaves. Fragrant, white star-shaped flowers appear late spring.

Culinary:

Add fresh leaves to wine drinks.

Aromatic:  Use in potpourris or place in linen closets.

Growing in moist, well-drained soil in shade. Sow seeds when ripe in summer or divide in spring or fall. Medicinal:

Rarely used in medicine today. Taking too much can cause vomiting, dizziness, and damage liver.

Gaultheria procumbens

Wintergreen, Teaberry

This herb was used by native American Indians to ease aching and arthritic limbs, as well as helping with breathing while hunting or carrying heavy loads. Wintergreen contains menthyl salicylate (an  anti-inflammatory with similar effects to aspirin).  Was produced in Monroe County, Pa. until synthesized.

$9.95

Evergreen hardy shrub with creeping woody branches that bear shiny green leaves, leathery with serrated edges. Nodding bell-shaped, white flowers appear mid-summer, followed by red berries.

Culinary:

Leaves are used in teas. Fresh fruits have a pleasant taste

Aromatic: Use in perfumes with woody notes.

Grows in acidic soils in light shade. Sow seeds or take stem cuttings in spring or fall. Medicinal:

Mainly externally for rheumatism, arthritis, sprains, and myalgia. Internally infused in gargles for sore throats. Excessive amounts can be hazardous.

Helichrysum italicum

Curry Plant

This plant from southern Europe is a relatively new addition to herb lists. Makes a good choice for knot gardens or formal edgings. The intense aroma of its leaves make this plant extremely popular.

$3.95

Dense evergreen sub-shrub that is tender. It has silver-green linear leaves, and produces yellow

button-like flowers in summer.

Culinary:

Sprigs are added to rice, vegetables, deviled eggs, and savory dishes to give a mild curry flavor.

Grow in sun, in well-drained soil. Soft-stem cuttings can be taken in spring or fall. Bring indoors for winter. Medicinal:

None

Hypericum perforatum

St. John’s Wort

This herb has long been tied to magic and mysticism, and was used as an herbal exorcist. In pre-Christian times, springs were hung to sanctify the atmosphere and chase away evil spirits. Later, it was associated with John the Baptist, said to be in full bloom on St. John’s Day and bleed red on the anniversary of his beheading.

$4.95

Spreading, aromatic, hardy perennial with long runners and erect stems. Small, pale green leaves are dotted with oil glands. From late summer in to fall, it produces 5—petaled flowers. Medicinal:

Internally for depression, menopausal disturbances, anxiety, nervous tension, shingles. Externally for burns, bruises, deep or painful wounds involving nerve damage, and sprains. Extracts are also used in cosmetics.

Grow in moist or dry, well-drained soils, sun or part shade. Sow seeds or make divisions in spring or fall.

Laurus nobilis

Bay, Bay Laurel

The bay tree was sacred to Apollo, the Greek god of prophecy, poetry and healing. His priestess at Delphi ate bay leaves before expounding her oracle. The leaves’ slightly narcotic effect may have induced trance. Apollo’s Temple at Delphi had its roof made entirely of bay leaves for protection against disease, witchcraft, and lightning. To Romans it was a symbol of wisdom and glory.

$9.95

Evergreen tree has glossy, dark green, leathery leaves that are pointed and when crushed give off a pleasant aroma. Clusters of small white flowers appear throughout the summer. Not hardy.

Culinary:

Leaves are an important ingredient of bouquet garni, and are commonly added to soups, sauces, stews and desserts.

Medicinal:

Internally for indigestion, poor appetite, colic, and flatulence. Externally for rheumatism, sprains, bruises, and scabies.

Take semi-ripe cuttings or remove suckers in summer or, layer branches in fall.

Lavendula angustifolia

English Lavender

Lavender was often enjoyed by the ancient Greeks, Romans and Arabs in bath water. According to Christian legend, the plant acquired its fragrance from the newly washed clothes of the infant Christ that were hung on a lavender bush to dry. The pilgrims brought this plant to America.

$4.95
Small, summer flowering shrub with downy linear leaves, white at first, becoming greener. Flowers are tiny purple spikes.

Culinary:

Fresh flowers are crystallized or added to jams, ice creams and vinegars.

Medicinal: Internally for indigestion, depression, anxiety, tension headaches, migraine, and bronchial complaints. Externally for burns, sunburns, rheumatism, muscular pains, cold sores and skin problems, snake bite.

Grow in sunny, well-drained soil.

Sow seeds in spring or take cuttings in summer.

 angustifolia 'Hidcote'

$4.95

a. 'Munstead'

$4.95

intermedia 'Grosso'

$4.95

i. 'Provence'

$4.95

x i. 'Silver Edge

$5.95

stoechas

Spanish Lavender

Not winter hardy.

$4.95

Levisticum officinale

Lovage, Love Parsley

This herb was popular with the Benedictine monks in the Middle Ages for its medicinal as well as culinary properties. An old tradition was to lay LovaSge leaves in the shoes of weary travelers to revive them.. In Germany, it is made into a flavoring sauce called ‘Maggi’.

$4.95

Perennial with fleshy roots and stouts stems to 5 ft. tall. The leaves are glossy green and resemble wild celery. Mid-summer umbels of yellow flowers appear. Culinary:

Seeds can be added to breads and pastries, in salads, rice or mashed potatoes. Leaves and stems can be make into soup, added to stews or added to salads.

Plant in sun or part shade, in moist but well-drained soil. Sow seeds when ripe is summer. Take root cuttings in spring or fall. Medicinal:

Internally for indigestion, flatulence, colic, poor appetite, kidney stones. Externally for sore throat and skin ulcers.

Melissa officinalis

Lemon Balm

Sacred to the Temple of Diana, and used medicinally by the Greeks some 2000 years ago, it was called ‘heart’s delight’ and ‘elixir of life’. Its virtue of dispelling melancholy has been praised for centuries. In the 13th century, the Prince of Glamorgan drank lemon balm tea every morning and lived to 108 years, while John Hussey of Sydenham lived to 116, breakfasting on lemon balm tea and honey for more than 50 years!

$3.95

Lemon-scented perennial with square stems and ovate, toothed, green leaves. Yellow honey-scented flowers appear in slender racemes in summer, followed by brown seed pods.

Culinary:

Fresh leaves give a lemon flavor to salads, soups, herb vinegars, game and fish dishes, and is an ingredient in liqueurs and wine cups.

Prefers rich, moist soil and a sunny location. Sow seeds in spring or make cuttings or divisions in spring or fall. Medicinal:

Internally for nervous tension, indigestion, anxiety, palpitations, and headaches. Externally for insect bites, sores, herpes, and gout.

o. 'Strawberry Lemonade'

$4.95

Mentha aquatica

Watermint

A strongly aromatic, astringent herb that stimulates bile flow, improves digestion, and relieves spasms.

 

$4.95

a. 'Lavender'

Curly Mint

$4.95

a. citrata 'Orange'

Orange Mint

$3.95

Mentha piperita

Peppermint

In Greek myth, ‘Menthe’ was a lovely nymph pursued by Pluto. His wife Persephone became jealous and turned her into a low growing plant, to be trodden underfoot. Mint is the symbol of hospitality and the Romans adorned themselves and their tables with it.

$3.95

Perennial with square stems. Leaves are toothed with pointed tips and glossy red to reddish. Late summer spikes of mauve flowers appear.

Culinary:

Leaves can be used in teas, drinks, and salads.

Medicinal:

Internally for nausea, indigestion, colic, influenza, and feverish colds. Externally for upper respiratory infections, asthma, itching skin, burns, ringworm, rheumatism, aching feet.

Prefers moist rich soil in part shade to sun. Divide in spring or fall. Stem cuttings can be rooted in water.
x. piperita 'Chocolate'

Chocolate Mint

$3.95

Mentha pulegium

Pennyroyal

In Roman times, the herb was a popular flea repellant and the leaves were either burnt in infested rooms or scattered over bedding. Helps keep pets free of fleas by sprinkling dried leaves on bedding or adding to shampoos.

$3.95

Low-growing perennial with square stems, grey-green, scalloped leaves that give off a pungent minty aroma. In summer, lavender 2-lipped lilac flowers bloom, forming whorls up the stem.

Culinary:

Leaves are added to black pudding (in England) and sausages (in Spain).

Oil used in soaps and detergents.

Grow in moist, rich, soil in part shade. Take cuttings or root divisions in spring. Medicinal:

Internally for indigestion, colic, feverish colds, and menstrual complaints. Externally for skin irritations.

Mentha spicata 'Kentucky Colonel'

Spearmint

This well-known herb was introduced by the Romans who were partial to its flavor. It is a traditional English herb and has been cultivated there since the 9th century. Spearmint was probably brought to North America by the Pilgrims.

$3.95

Perennial with square stalks and sharply pointed bright green leaves. Leaves are toothed on the edges and are ribbed. Late summer, pinkish flower spikes appear. Culinary:

Add fresh leaves to roast lamb, potatoes, carrots or peas. Enhances fruit salads, jellies and summertime drinks.

Prefers moist rich soil, in part shade. Divide roots and spring or take cuttings, that can be started in water. Medicinal:

Internally for upset stomachs, hiccups, vomiting.

'Margarita'

$4.95

'Millenium'

$4.95

suavelens 'Variegata'

Variegated  Pineapple Mint

$3.95

Monarda didyma

Bergamot, Bee Balm

This N American native herb became popular in Europe when seeds were sent back by settlers. The Osewego Indians infused this herb as a drink, and it became a popular tea substitute in New England after the Boston Tea Party in 1773.

$4.95

Aromatic perennial with erect square stems and ovate, toothed leaves. Bright red flowers are produced in terminal whorls in summer.

Culinary:

Infused to make tea or add leaves to flavor teas, iced drinks. Flowers can be added to salads.

Grow in rich moist to light soil, in sun. Propagate by seed, divisions, or stem cuttings in spring. Medicinal:

Internally for nausea, flatulence, insomnia. Add to steam inhalation for bronchitis and sore throats.

d. 'Jacob Cline' (Red flowering)

$4.95

d. 'Marshall's Delight' (Pink flowering)

$4.95

Myrtus communis

Myrtle

In Greek myth, Myrrha was a favorite priestess of Venus, who transformed her into a fragrant evergreen to preserve her from too ardent suitors. This herb was planted around all temples dedicated to Venus. Representing Venus and love, myrtle is often woven into bridal wreaths.

$5.95
Aromatic tender perennial with woody stems and shiny, dark green, leathery leaves. Sweetly scented white flowers appear from summer to fall.

Culinary:

Lay young branches under roast pork for the last 10 min. of cooking, or on barbecues when grilling lamb. Use leaves to stuff pork. Dried flowers can be added to fruit.

 Medicinal:

Infuse leaves for a powerful antiseptic and astringent;  as a tea for psoriasis and sinusitis. Apply in a compress to bruises and hemorrhoids.

Plant in full sun, well-drained soil. Take stem cuttings in summer. Bring indoors in winter.

c. 'Variegata'

Variegated Myrtle

$5.95

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